After the agreement was reached, more than 9,000 Iraqis gathered to protest in the eastern suburbs of Baghdad, Sadr City. Protesters burned an American flag and held banners saying, “No, no to the agreement.”  “We condemn and reject the agreement, just as we condemn any injustice,” Sheikh Hassan al-Husseini said immediately after the vote during weekly Friday prayers in Baghdad.  After the adoption of the agreement, Iraqi theologian, political leader and militiaman Muqtada al-Sadr called for three days of peaceful protests and mourning.  The great Ajatollah Ali Husseini al-Sistani expressed reservations about the ratified version of the pact and stated that the Iraqi government did not have the power to control the transfer of US forces to and from Iraq, no control of deliveries, and that the Covenant granted US troops immunity from prosecution in Iraqi courts. He said that Iraqi rule in the country was not complete as long as American troops were present, but that the Iraqi people would eventually judge the pact by referendum.  Sistani considers the parts of the agreement a “mystery” and said that the pact offered “no guarantee” that Iraq would regain sovereignty.  The Aswat al-Iraq news agency reported a mixed reaction from the Iraqi population to the news that the cabinet had approved the agreement. Residents of the town of Sadr in Baghdad, a stronghold of Muqtada al-Sadr, said they believed the agreement was signed too quickly, while a wider “Vox Pop” of Iraqis across the country said they believed the agreement would become a point of disagreement.  In June, the United States and Iraq will hold “strategic” talks to review their military and economic relations due to escalating tensions between Washington and Tehran. In protest at an agreement they saw as extending a “humiliating” occupation, tens of thousands of Iraqis burned an effigy of George W. Bush in a central Baghdad square, where Iraqi troops and citizens had shot down a statue of Saddam Hussein five years earlier.  The Iraqi Parliament was the scene of numerous protests before and during the vote.  On December 3, 2008, about 2,000 Iraqi refugees in Syria protested against the U.S.
Iraqi military pact, which stipulated that the agreement would place Iraq under American rule. “We condemn the security agreement, a shameful and disgraceful agreement of the American occupation,” he said on a banner outside a store in the Shiite-majority neighborhood where the protest took place.  The Scholar Muslim Association, a group of Sunni religious leaders in Iraq, accused the Iraqi Accord Front, a party that supported the pact, of “selling” Iraq and also condemned the agreement as “legitimization of the occupation”.  These two agreements protect American interests in the Middle East, help the Iraqi people to remain alone and strengthen Iraqi sovereignty. “We received a letter from the U.S. State Department proposing the negotiations, based on the concepts presented in the strategic framework and on a comprehensive review of economic, cultural, trade and security relations,” Al Hakim said on Twitter. On 17 November 2008, Iraqi Foreign Minister Hoshiyar Zebari and the United States