The insurance policy or contract is a contract by which the insurer promises to pay benefits to the insured or, on his behalf, to a third party if certain events occur. Subject to the “Fortuity” principle, the event must be uncertain. The uncertainty may be either when the event will occur (for example. B in life insurance, the date of the insured`s death is uncertain) or whether it will occur (for example. B in fire insurance, whether or not there is a fire).  This is a summary of the insurance company`s key promises and indicates what is covered. In the insurance agreement, the insurer undertakes to do certain things, such as paying losses for guaranteed risks, providing certain services or defending the insured in liability action. There are two fundamental forms of insurance agreement: an insurance contract is the part of an insurance contract in which the insurance company specifically determines the risks for which it offers insurance coverage in exchange for premiums paid at a certain value and interval. The insurance agreement generally lists exclusions for insurance coverage, so the policyholder knows the exact extent of their insurance coverage. In 1941, the insurance industry has begun to move to the current system, in which the risks covered are first generally defined in an “all risk” or “all sums” in order to guarantee a general insurance agreement (e.g.B. “We pay all amounts that the insured has legally been required to pay for damages”), and then are limited by subsequent exclusion clauses (e.g.
B “This insurance does not apply”).  If the insured wants coverage for a risk taken by an exclusion on the standard form, the insured may sometimes pay an additional premium for the approval of the policy that suspends the exclusion. Exclusions – These policy provisions will set the limits of the coverage promises mentioned in insurance agreements. These provisions are intended for one or more purposes, including the removal of coverage of (1) coverage for losses caused by certain risks, 2) coverage by other insurance companies, 3) coverage of uninsurable losses. In principle, exclusions are the parts of the insurance contract that limit the scope of coverage and/or list causes and conditions that are not covered. Here is an example of common exclusions in auto insurance – insurance is necessary when there is a dispute over whether or not a particular injury is covered. Both the insurance company and the policyholder should be able to determine whether damage is covered from the insurance policy. Although the insurance of the agreements is aimed at resolving these problems, differences of opinion remain on the terms of the insurance agreement. This often results in disputes in which each party presents competing interpretations of the insurance agreement.
The granting of coverage and the words of the policy are of the utmost importance. It is important to understand how the policy is written and structured. Often it is necessary and always helpful to start with the type of policy you are dealing with and what risks the insured has tried to cover. If you`re just looking at the coverage, you`re not enough to make the most important findings. The statement page, exclusions and possible exceptions to exclusions should also be taken into account. In addition, Section 30 of the Financial Administration Act9 pursued the insurance and risk management account as a special account for the provision of insurance or risk management services to participants such as government agencies, departments and individuals or authorities designated by order-in-council. The government has been authorized by this section to enter into agreements or to enter into agreements with participants on insurance or risk management. Regulations have been authorized to designate a person or authority as a participant, respecting the conditions under which agreements can be concluded and respecting payments (of the type of bonuses).